Map showing the current distribution of exploration licences for nodule and sulphides in the Area, including the giant Clarion-Clipperton Zone manganese nodule field. Map: GEOMAR (see reference).

Map showing the current distribution of exploration licences for nodule and sulphides in the Area, including the giant Clarion-Clipperton Zone manganese nodule field. Map: GEOMAR (see reference).

Prof. Dr. Mark Hannington. Photo: private

Prof. Dr. Mark Hannington. Photo: private

Manganese nodules at the seabed of the Pacific . Photo: ROV Kiel 6000, GEOMAR.

Manganese nodules at the seabed of the Pacific . Photo: ROV Kiel 6000, GEOMAR.

24.11.2017

Debate on deep-sea mining reaches new level

GEOMAR expert participates in high-level panel of the National Academy of Sciences

24. November 2017 / Washington / Kiel. At a high-level meeting held last week in Washington DC, USA, the Oceans Studies Board of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), together with the Earth Sciences and Resources Board, discussed current developments and prospects for deep-sea mining. Among the participants were the Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority (ISA), Michael Lodge, and the Head of the Working Group on Mineral Resources at GEOMAR, Prof. Dr. Mark Hannington.

Manganese nodules, cobalt crusts or massive sulphides: the deep sea contains different raw materials that are largely undiscovered and untouched. What is the resource potential of these materials? Will they be used in the near future? What environmental risks would arise from deep sea mining? These and other questions were discussed recently by a high-level panel of experts at the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in Washington.

Under the title “Deep Seabed Mining: Prospects and Perspectives on an Emerging Industry” the panelists, included the Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority (ISA), Michael Lodge, Mark Hannington, Head of Mineral Resources at GEOMAR, Jennifer Warren of Lockheed-Martin and UK Seabed Resources, Cindy Van Dover from Duke University, and Conn Nugent of the Pew Charitable Trust.

Reporting from the meeting in a recent issue of EOS, ISA Secretary General Michael Lodge noted that "we are now at a decisive point in the long history of attempts to mine the deep seabed”. In recent years, ISA has issued a number of exploration licenses to various countries and consortia. The question now is whether and under what conditions resources from the deep sea will be exploited in the future. The participants pointed out that a continuing lack of knowledge about resource potential, environmental goals, and management plans are likely impediments to rapid development of a deep-sea mining industry. However, once new regulations are approved by the ISA, the Secretary General noted that mining could start at relatively small scales by operators who are willing to take the risk and invest the capital.

“The joint meeting of several boards of the NAS to consider these developments signals a milestone in the discussion about deep-sea mining”, said Prof. Dr. Mark Hannington from GEOMAR, member of the expert group. “The academy actively supports policymaking and now raises the debate on marine mining to a new level”, Hannington continued. Established by an Act of Congress, signed by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863, the NAS is charged with providing independent, objective advice to the nation on matters related to science, technology, and policy.  Among its membership are 200 Nobel Prize winners, and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), founded in 1914, is one of the top international journals publishing the results of original research.

Reference for the figure:

Petersen, S., A. Krätschell, N. Augustin, J. Jamieson, J. Hein, and M.D. Hannington, 2016: News from the seabed – Geological characteristics and resource potential of deep-sea mineral resources. Marine Policy 70:175–187. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.03.012

Contact:

Dr. Andreas Villwock (Communication & Media), Phone: +49-431-600-2802, presse(at)geomar.de