Subproject B1 Reservoir Modelling

In the frame of sub-project B1 a 3-D numerical model for describing the process of winning methane from hydrates with simultaneous CO2 sequestration is to be developed. Various extraction techniques and types of deposits in sediments will be regarded and their efficiency will be verified. Validated mathematical simulation models enable the up-scaling of data obtained from laboratory experiments as well as from literature.

By means of the simulator STARS from Computer Modelling Group Ltd. (Canada), which is a common tool in the oil and gas industry, a finite area around the drill head will be modelled and the occurring heat and mass transfer will be simulated. Based on these results scientifically resilient information about the functionality, the operability and the economics of the extraction techniques will be provided. The research focuses on the mammoth-pump-principle and the in-situ combustion of methane.

In addition, technical parameters for an industrial demonstrator will be defined in order to prove the technical feasibility of the regarded techniques.


Graue, A., Kvamme, B., Baldwin, B., Stevens, J., Howard, J., Aspenes, E., Ersland, G., Husebø, J. & Zornes, D. Environmentally Friendly CO2 Storage in Hydrate Reservoirs Benefits From Associated Spontaneous Methane Production 2006 Offshore Technology Conference  conference URL 
Haeckel, M., Suess, E., Wallmann, K. & Rickert, D. Rising methane gas bubbles form massive hydrate layers at the seafloor 2004 Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta
Vol. 68(21), pp. 4335-4345 
article DOI  
Henry, P., Thomas, M. & Ben Clennell, M. Formation of natural gas hydrates in marine sediments 2. Thermodynamic calculations of stability conditions in porous sediments 1999 Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth
Vol. 104(B10), pp. 23005-23022 
Hensen, C. & Wallmann, K. Methane formation at Costa Rica continental margin - constraints for gas hydrate inventories and cross-decollement fluid flow 2005 Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Vol. 236(1-2), pp. 41-60 
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Kowalsky, M.B. & Moridis, G.J. Comparison of kinetic and equilibrium reaction models in simulating gas hydrate behavior in porous media 2007 Energy Conversion and Management
Vol. 48(6), pp. 1850-1863 
article DOI  
Kurihara, M., Ouichi, H., Masuda, H. & Narita, Y.O. Assessment of gas productivity of natural methane hydrates using MH21 Reservoir Simulator 2004 Natural Gas Hydrates: Energy Resource Potential and Associated Geologic Hazards  conference  
Lee, H., Seo, Y., Seo, Y.T., Moudrakovski, I.L. & Ripmeester, J.A. Recovering methane from solid methane hydrate with carbon dioxide 2003 Angewandte Chemie-International Edition
Vol. 42(41), pp. 5048-5051 
article DOI  
Schicks, J.M., Luzi, M., Erzinger, J. & Spangenberg, E. Clathrate hydrate formation and growth: experimental observations versus predicted behaviour 2007 Physics and Chemistry of Ice : [the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on the Physics and Chemistry of Ice held in Bremerhaven, Germany on 23 - 28 July 2006], pp. 537-544  inproceedings URL 
Schicks, J.M., Naumann, R., Erzinger, J., Hester, K.C., Koh, C.A. & Sloan, E.D. Phase transitions in mixed gas hydrates: Experimental observations versus calculated data 2006 Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Vol. 110(23), pp. 11468-11474 
article DOI  
Schicks, J.M. & Ripmeester, J.A. The coexistence of two different methane hydrate phases under moderate pressure and temperature conditions: Kinetic versus thermodynamic products 2004 Angewandte Chemie-International Edition
Vol. 43(25), pp. 3310-3313 
article DOI  
Schultz, H.J. & Deerberg, G. Laboranlage und Berechnungen zur Gashydratsynthese 2004 Erdöl Erdgas Kohle
Vol. 120(1), pp. 30-34 
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Schultz, H.J., Deerberg, G. & H., F. Neue Perspektive zum Abbau von Gashydraten. 2006 VGB Power Tech
Vol. 84(10), pp. 130-137 
Schultz, H.J., Deerberg, G. & H., F. New perspectives for the extraction of oceanic gas hydrates 2006 Geotechnologien Science Report No. 7: The German National Research Programme on Gas Hydrates – Results from the first funding period (2001-2004), pp. 138-151  incollection URL 
Schulzke, T., Schultz, H., Ising, M. & Deerberg, G. Experimente und Berechnungen zur Bildung von Gashydraten: Gasbeschaffenheit, Gashydrat, Modellierung, Gashydratgleichgewichtszustände, Laboranlage, Gashydratbildung, Gashydratdestabilisierung 2003 GWF-Gas, Erdgas
Vol. 144(11), pp. 691-695 
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Spangenberg, E. & Kulenkampff, J. Influence of methane hydrate content on electrical sediment properties 2006 Geophysical Research Letters
Vol. 33(24), pp. 5 
article DOI  
Suess, E., Torres, M.E., Bohrmann, G., Collier, R.W., Greinert, J., Linke, P., Rehder, G., Trehu, A., Wallmann, K., Winckler, G. & Zuleger, E. Gas hydrate destabilization: enhanced dewatering, benthic material turnover and large methane plumes at the Cascadia convergent margin 1999 Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Vol. 170(1-2), pp. 1-15 
Svandal, A., Kuznetsova, T. & Kvamme, B. Thermodynamic properties and phase transitions in the H2O/CO2/CH4 system 2006 Fluid Phase Equilibria
Vol. 246(1-2), pp. 177-184 
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Tishchenko, P., Hensen, C., Wallmann, K. & Wong, C.S. Calculation of the stability and solubility of methane hydrate in seawater 2005 Chemical Geology
Vol. 219(1-4), pp. 37-52 
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Torres, M.E., Wallmann, K., Trehu, A.M., Bohrmann, G., Borowski, W.S. & Tomaru, H. Gas hydrate growth, methane transport, and chloride enrichment at the southern summit of Hydrate Ridge, Cascadia margin off Oregon 2004 Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Vol. 226(1-2), pp. 225-241 
article DOI  
Uchida, T., Ebinuma, T., Takeya, S., Nagao, J. & Narita, H. Effects of pore sizes on dissociation temperatures and pressures of methane, carbon dioxide, and propane hydrates in porous media 2002 Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Vol. 106(4), pp. 820-826 
article DOI  
Wallmann, K., Aloisi, G., Haeckel, M., Obzhirov, A., Pavlova, G. & Tishchenko, P. Kinetics of organic matter degradation, microbial methane generation, and gas hydrate formation in anoxic marine sediments 2006 Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta
Vol. 70(15), pp. 3905-3927 
article DOI  
White, M. & McGrail, P. STOMP-HYD: A New Numerical Simulator for Analysis of Methane Hydrate Production from Geologic Formations 2006 Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Gas Hydrate Technology at the 43rd CCOP Annual Session (Part II), pp. 77-86  inproceedings URL 
Yang, S.O., Yang, I.M., Kim, Y.S. & Lee, C.S. Measurement and prediction of phase equilibria for water plus CO2 in hydrate forming conditions 2000 Fluid Phase Equilibria
Vol. 175(1-2), pp. 75-89