Marine Ökologie

Antibiotic activity (human, phytopathogenic & environmental pathogens)

a)  General susceptibility (antibiotic spectrum) tests

  • Gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus lentus)
  • Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas fluorescens)
  • Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)

    b) Specific panel of assays

    Human-associated pathogenic bacteria and fungi

    ESKAPE panel pathogens

    • Enterococcus faecium
    • Staphylococcus aureus
    • Klebsiella pneumoniae
    • Acinetobacter baumannii
    • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    • Enterobacter species (Escherichia coli)

      Skin associated bacteria and fungi

      • Staphylococcus epidermidis
      • Propionibacterium acnes (Acne)
      • Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA (Inflammation, septicaemia)
      • Brevibacterium epidermidis
      • Dermabacter hominis
      • Candida albicans
      • Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, Microsporum canis (Athlete’s foot)

        Additional human pathogens

        • Enterococcus faecalis (GI and nosocomial infections, septicaemia)
        • Enterococcus casseliflavus (bloodstream infection)
        • Enterococcus hirae (urinary tract infection)
        • Vibrio cholerae (Cholera disease)
        • Leifsonia aquatic (septicemia)
        • Shewanella algae (pneumonia)
        • Vibrio alginolyticus (eye, ear and wound infection)
        • Vibrio parahaemolyticus (food poisoning)
        • Candida glabrata and C. albicans (Skin diseases, septicaemia, wound infections)
        • Candida auris (infection of bloodstream and central nervous system)
        • Cryptococcus neoformans (Cryptococcosis, opportunistic infection in AIDS)

          Phytopathogenic panel (plant/crop diseases)

          • Xanthomonas campestris (Various plant diseases, including black root disease)
          • Pseudomonas syringae (Leaf spot diseases)
          • Erwinia amylovora (Fire blight)
          • Ralstonia solanacearum (Wilt in e.g. potato)
          • Zymoseptoria tritici (Septoria leaf blotch in wheat)
          • Phytophthora infestans (Potato blight)
          • Botrytis cinerea (Botrytis bunch rot, grey mould)
          • Pyricularia oryzae (rice blast)

            Marine environmental panel

            • Lactococcus garvieae
            • Pseudoalteromonas bacteriolytica (Red spot disease of Saccharina japonica),
            • Pseudoalteromonas elyakovii (Causing spots on brown algae)
            • Vibrio alginolyticus
            • Vibrio anguillarum (Fish and invertebrate pathogen)
            • Vibrio coralliilyticus (tissue lysis at corals)
            • Vibrio fischeri (Quorum sensing potential)
            • Vibrio harveyi
            • Vibrio ichthyoenteri
            • Vibrio parahaemolyticus
            • Vibrio splendidus
            • Acremonium fuci
            • Sigmoidea marina

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