Prof. Dr. Dirk Nürnberg

GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel
FB1: Ozeanzirkulation und Klimadynamik
FE:   Paläo-Ozeanographie
Wischhofstr. 1-3, Geb. 8c, Raum 106
D-24148 Kiel
Fax +49-431-600-2925


 !!! News !!!

Watch this: A new paleo-salinity proxy: Biogeosciences discussion paper

Watch this: Mg/Ca and d18O from living forams: Biogeosciences discussion paper

News: Holocene Shift in N Pacific Intermediate Water Ventilation (PNAS) (press release)

Das grosse Fressen (Nature Comm.) (press release) (press release)

KDM-Broschüre: Zukunft der Golfstromzirkulation, Future of the Gulf Stream

Pacific Warmpool  Dynamics

Interhemispheric Teleconnections

Pliocene plate tectonics, ocean circulation and climate (Sci. Rep. Nature) (press)

Drake Passage (movie)

Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences:

The 2017 Mary B. Ansari Best Geoscience Research Resource Work Award goes to Springer’s major reference work on marine geosciences

Tropical Pacific Foraminifera

N Pacific Tephra


B.Sc. u. M.Sc. Arbeiten zu vergeben. Bei Interesse einfach anrufen :-)

Research / Forschung

Within the Research Unit Paleoceanography, research interests focus on the „chemical paleoceanography“:

• Foraminiferal (isotope)geochemistry: Development and application of the Mg/Ca-paleothermometry, light stable isotopes, trace elements.

• Reconstructions of late Quaternary sea surface, subsurface, and intermediate water temperatures and salinities, thermocline change, terrigenous flux, marine productivity, and (sub)surface hydrography in different ocean environments.

• Reconstructions of northern high latitude sedimentological processes, sea-ice, oceanography, and climate during the late Pleistocene.

• Ocean gateway dynamics and development of oceanic warmpools: Opening history of the Southern Gateway (Australia-Tasman-Antarctica), Pliocene closure of the Panamanian Isthmus, restriction of the Indonesian Gateway.

• Research areas: Arctic Ocean, N Atlantic, Iceland, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Southern Ocean (SE-Australian sector), equatorial W Pacific, SE, E, and NW Pacific, Okhotsk Sea, Bering Sea.

DN has teaching commitment at Kiel University. DN is proponent of 32 DFG and BMBF research projects since 1997, head of the stable isotope and Mg/Ca-labs, and supervised various Ph.D., M.Sc. and B.Sc. theses. DN participated, partly led, and mostly applied for 25 land and ship-expeditions.

Current projects:

News / Aktuelles

Expeditions in 2013-2016

Newest Publications

submitted/in review/accepted 2017/2018:

  • Bertlich, Nürnberg et al. (subm.) Salinity control on Na incorporation into calcite tests of the planktonic foraminifera Trilobatus sacculifer – Evidence from culture experiments and surface sediments. Biogeosciences
  • Jensen, Nürnberg et al. (subm.) Mg/Ca and d18O in living planktic foraminifers from the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico and Florida Straits. Biogeosciences.
  • Reissig, S., Nürnberg, D., Bahr, A., Poggemann, D., Hoffmann, J. (subm.) Southward displacement of the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre circulation system during North Atlantic cold spells. Paleoceanography.
  • Tapia, Nürnberg et al. (subm.) Glacial differences of southern intermediate waters in the central South Pacific. QSR.
  • Gebregiogis, D., Hathorne, E.C., Giosan, L., Clemens, S., Nürnberg, D., Frank, M. (in review) Complex astronomical forcing of South Asian monsoon precipitation over the past ~1 million years.

published in 2017 / 2018:

  • Lembke-Jene, L., Tiedemann, R., Nürnberg, D. et al. (2018) A rapid shift and millennial-scale variations in Holocene North Pacific intermediate water ventilation. PNAS.
  • Karas, C., Nürnberg, D., Tiedemann, R., Bahr, A., Groeneveld, J., Herrle, J.O., deMenocal, P.B. (2017) Global cooling and the role of the Pliocene constrictions of tropical seaways. Scientific Reports (Nature) 7:398442, doi:10.1038/srep39842.
  • Bahr et al. (2017) Low-latitude expressions of high-latitude forcing during Heinrich Stadial 1 and the Younger Dryas in northern South America. Global and Planetary Change, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2017.11.008.
  • Sarnthein, M., Grunert, P., Khelifi, N., Frank, M., Nürnberg, D. (2017) Interhemospheric teleconnections: Late Pliocene change in Mediterranean Outflow Water linked to changes in Indonesian Throughflow and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, a review and update. International. Journal of Earth Sciences, doi:10.1007/s00531-017-1505-6.
  • Lembke-Jene, L., Tiedemann, R., Nürnberg, D. Kokfeld, U., Kozdon, R., Max, L., Röhl, U., Gorbarenko, S.A., (2017) Deglacial Variability in Okhotsk Sea Intermediate Water Ventilation and Biogeochemistry: Implications for North Pacific Nutrient Supply and Productivity. Quaternary Science Reviews 160, 116-137.
  • Ovsepyan, E.A., Ivanova, E.V. , Lembke-Jene, L. , Max, L. , Tiedemann, R. , Nürnberg, D. (2017) Penultimate and Last and glacial oceanographic variations in the Bering Sea on millennial timescales: links to North Atlantic Climate. Quaternary Science Reviews 163, 135-151,
  • Raddatz, J., Nürnberg, D., Rippert, N., Tiedemann, R. (2017) Southeastern marginal West Pacific Warm Pool sea-surface and thermocline dynamics during the Pleistocene (2.5–0.5 Ma). Paleo3 471, 144–156,
  • Poggemann, D., Hathorne, E., Nürnberg, D., Frank, M., Bruhn, I., Reissig, S., Bahr, A. (2017) Rapid Deglacial Injection of Nutrients into the Atlantic via Antarctic Intermediate Water. EPSL 463, 118–126,
  • Fischel, A., Seidenkrantz, M.-S, Nürnberg, D., Kucera, M., Kuipers, A. (2017) Upper water mass variability in the Anegada-Jungfern Passage, NE Caribbean, during the last 11.100 cal.yr. The Holocene I-17, doi:10.1177/0959683616687378.
  • van der Kaars, S., Miller, G., Turney, C., Cook, E.J., Nürnberg, D., Schönfeld, J., Kershaw, A.P., Lehman, S. (2017) Megafaunal Population Collapse within 2,000 years of Human Dispersal across Pleistocene Australia. Nature Comm. 8:14142, doi:10.1038/ncomms14142.

Berichte 2013/2014:

List of all publications can be found here. Eine ausführliche Liste der wiss. Publikationen in internationalen Fachzeitschriften mit Doppelbegutachtungssystem, andere Publikationen sowie Tagungsbeiträge finden Sie hier.


Experience / Tätigkeiten

Project Personnel (DFG and BMBF funding) / Projektpersonal

Postdocs (*current / *laufend)

Ph.D. students (*current) / Doktoranden/innen (*laufend)

  • *Jacqueline Bertlich (ab 1.12.15), HOSST graduate school
  • *Mariam Mirzaloo (laufend), HOSST, Iceland paleoclimatology and paleoceanography
  • *Stefan Reissig (laufend), The Atlantic “heat pump”: Late Pleistocene to Holocene changes in the upper ocean thermal structure of the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico in relation to changes in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. P-Oz.
  • David Poggemann (2017) Role of intermediate water variability in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico in deglacial climate change. INTERMED, Future Ocean, DFG
  • Anna Jentzen (2017) Habitat and geochemical characterization of living planktonic foraminifera in the Caribbean. DFG.
  • Raul Ivan Tapia Arroyo (2016), Paleo-Water Column Structure in the South Pacific: Evidence from foraminiferal d18O and Mg/Ca (SOPATRA, BMBF). Now: Centro de Estudios Avanzados, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Viña del Mar, Chile.
  • Tebke Böschen (2013) Planktonic and benthic foraminifers as geochemical proxies recording hydrographic changes in the eastern equatorial Pacific. SFB754, DFG. Now: Exzellenzcluster Entzündungsforschung, Uni. Kiel.
  • Tanja Mildner (2013) Past and present dynamics in the western subtropical Atlantic. LOOP, SPP INTERDYNAMIK, DFG
  • Jan Riethdorf (2012) Rekonstruktion der Pleistozän-Holozänen Klimageschichte und Ozeanographie im subarktischen NW-Pazifik. KALMAR, BMBF. Now: Umweltlabor Rhön-Rennsteig GmbH, 98617 Meiningen
  • Cyrus Karas (2010) Die miozäne bis pliozäne Einengung der Indonesischen Ozeanpassage und ihre Auswirkungen auf die Ozeanzirkulation und das Klima. INDONESIAN THROUGHFLOW, DFG. Now: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, USA.
  • Rina Zuraida (2009) Rapid climatic changes in the Indonesian Gateway. DFG. Now: Marine Geological Institute of Indonesia.
  • Marcus Regenberg (2006) Inorganic and Stable Isotope Geochemistry of Tropical Atlantic/Caribbean Planktonic Foraminifera: Implications for the Reconstruction of Upper Ocean Temperatures and Stratification. DFG. Now: Inst. Geowiss. Univ. Kiel.
  • Jeroen Groeneveld (2005) Effect of the Pliocene closure of the Panamanian Gateway on Carribean and east Pacific sea surface temperatures and salinities by applying combined Mg/Ca and δ18O measurements (5.6-2.2 Ma). DFG-Research Group OCEAN GATEWAYS. Now: MARUM Bremen
  • Natasja Brughmans (2003) Paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic evolution in the southwestern Tasman Sea during the Pleistocene to Quaternary – Implications for paleoproductivity, paleo-sea surface temperature, and terrigeneous flux from geochemical proxy data. SPATS, DFG
  • André Kaiser (2001) Oceanography, productivity and sea ice distribution in the Sea of Okhotsk during the last 350 ka. kOMEX, BMBF
  • Anja Müller (2000) Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios in biogenic carbonate of planktic foraminifers und benthic ostracodes. DFG

M.Sc. students (*current) / Diplomanden/innen (*laufend)

  • Lia Brunke (2017) Deglacial surface to subsurface hydrographical changes in the eastern Caribbean related to perturbations in the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Univ. Kiel, 63 pages.
  • Julien Schirrmacher (June 2016) Paired d18O and Mg/Ca records of N. pachyderma sin. and G. bulloides from the Iceland-Faroe-Ridge. Now: Leibniz Laboratory for Radiometric Dating and Stable Isotope Research Kiel
  • Taylor Clarke (   ) Temperature reconstruction in the Caribbean Sea for the last 20 kyr through Mg/Ca paleothermometry inferred from deep dwelling planktonic foraminifera Globorotalia truncatulinoides.
  • Fernando Aguado Gonzalo (2014) South East Pacific oceanographic change during the Plio/Pleistocene. Univ. Kiel, 49 pages.
  • Imke Bruhn (2014) Zwischenwasserdynamik im zentralen W-Atlantik.
  • Stefan Reissig (2013) Pleistocene sea surface temperature and salinity development in the subtropic East Atlantic off Cape Verde Islands.
  • David Poggemann (2012) Early Pliocene to Late Pleistocene seasurface and subsurface temperature development offshore Chile. Univ. Kiel, 79 pages.
  • Kristin Doering (2012) Surface and deep-water hydrographic conditions over the last 18.000 years from the Peruvian coast based on d18O and Mg/Ca ratios of Globigerinoides ruber and Uvigerina peregrina.
  • Claudia Jung (2009) Signal des Antarktischen Zwischenwassers im Golf von Mexico – Hinweise aus Mg/Ca und δ18O benthischer Foraminiferen.
  • Ariane Kujau (2008) Untersuchung des Mississippi-Terrigeneintrags in den nordöstlichen Golf von Mexiko während der letzten ca. 500.000 Jahre. Now: GFZ Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam
  • Anna Erichsen (2008) Impact of calcite dissolution Mg/Ca ratios of core-top planktonic foraminifers from Timor Sea.
  • Cyrus Karas (2006) Seasurface temperature and salinity evolution at DeSoto Canyon (Gulf of Mexico) over the last ~400 kyrs – evidence from combined foraminiferal Mg/Ca and δ18O. Now: Univ. Sanntiago (Chile)
  • Martin Ziegler (2005) Short-term changes in sea-surface hydrography in the Atlantic Warm Water Pool - Gulf of Mexico and Florida Strait (IMAGES). Now: Universiteit Utrecht, NL
  • Ulla Pedersen (2002) Late glacial und holocene marine pollen/spore und green algae records from the Sea of Okhotsk: Implications for terrestrial Siberian climate development and Amur River run-off.
  • Reinhard Kozdon (2002) Ultra-high resolution reconstructions of paleoproductivity and terrigenous supply in the Sea of  Okhotsk during the last ca. 9.000 years. Now: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

B.Sc. students (*ongoing / *laufend)

  • Karl Meier (2015) Leeuwin Current dynamics during the last 150.000 years and its impact on the southwestern Australian continent.
  • Niklas Meincke (2012) Frühdiagenetische (istopen-)geochemische Veränderungen fossiler planktischer Foraminiferengehäuse im Golf von Mexiko. Now: Univ. Bergen (NO)
  • Lisa Griem (2012) Sauerstoffisotopenstratigraphie am Sedimentkern M78/1-186-2 vom West Florida Schelf mithilfe stabiler Isotopenmessungen an Gehäusen benthischer Foraminiferen.Now: Univ. Bergen (NO)
  • Miriam Ibenthal (2011) Geochemische Verteilungsmuster rezenter Sedimente im Ochotskischen Meer und der Bering See.
  • Sarah Anders (2012) Biogen-Opal zur Rekonstruktion des Mississippi-Schmelzwasser-Ausstroms während des letzten Deglazials?
  • Stellan Rieken (2011) Mississippi Sedimenteintrag in den nördlichen Golf von Mexiko während der letzten 42.000 Jahre
  • Philipp Loose (2011) Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca und stabile Sauerstoffisotope in benthischen Foraminiferengehäusen (Uvigerina peregrina und Hoeglundina elegans) aus dem Golf von Mexiko und der Floridastraße: Potential für Bodenwassertemperatur-Rekonstruktionen
  • Johanna Ochs (2011) Vergleich zweier Sedimentationsräume der hohen Breiten zur Klimarekonstruktion - Versuch des Nachweises einer atmosphärischen Telekonnektion zwischen dem El'Gygytgyn See und dem Ochotskischen Meer

Teaching / Lehre

Password-geschützte Skripte (PDF) zum Download / Password protected script (PDF) for download

Einführung in die Stratigraphie / Introduction to Stratigraphy (only winter term)

  • Allg. Einf. (pdf); Absolute Altersbest.: 1. Part (pdf), 2. Part (pdf); Magnetostratigraphie (pdf); Sauerstoffisotopenstratigraphie (pdf)

Einf. in die Paläozeanographie / Intro to Paleoceanography (only winter term)

Intro to Marine Geology (B.Sc.)

  • Stratigraphy 1, Stratigraphy 2

Kartenkunde / Geol. Mapping (only winter term)

  • Skript 1, Skript 2, Skript 3, Skript 4, Skript 5, Skript 6, Skript 7, Skript 8

Foraminiferengeochemie / Foraminiferal Geochemistry (only summer term)

  • Introduction, Calcification, Habitat, Mg/Ca und Mg/Li, Na/Ca + Salzgehalt, Ca-Isotopes, Ba/Ca and Cd/Ca, Borisotope und B/Ca, Nd-Isotope, Uran in foraminifers, Sr/Ca in foraminifers and corals, Mg/Ca in benthic foraminifers, F in foraminifers etc.

Eine Zusammenstellung der Lehre ist zu sehen unter UnivIS

My teaching committment at Univ. Kiel can be seen at UnivIS