Dr. rer. nat. Toste Tanhua

Forschungsbereich 2: Marine Biogeochemie
FE Chemische Ozeanographie
Arbeitsgruppe: Transient Tracer

Raum: 20-173
Tel.: 0431 600 4219
Tel.: 0431 600 4112 (lab)
Fax: 0431 600 4202
email: ttanhua(at)geomar.de

GEOMAR | Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel
Düsternbrooker Weg 20
D-24105 Kiel

Persönliche Informationen

• Born: January 25, 1965
• Born in: Sweden
• Citizenship: Sweden
• Maritial status: married, 2 children


• 1992 Göteborg University, M.Sc. Analytical Chemistry
• 1997 Göteborg University, Ph.D Marine Chemistry, Dissertation title: Halogenated substances as marine tracers


• Transient tracers in the ocean
• Ocean ventilation and mixing
• Tracer Release Experiments to quantify mixing
• trace gas analysis technique development

Berufliche Laufbahn

01.09.2002 – Present IFM-GEOMAR, University Kiel, Germany, Postdoctoral Researcher

Feb. 2009 – present GEOMAR, Senior Scientist

Sept. 2002 – Jan 2009 IfM-GEOMAR, University Kiel, Germany, Postdoctoral researcher.

March 1999 – April 2002 SIO-UCSD, San Diego, CA, Postdoctoral researcher.

July 1997 – July 1998 Göteborg University, Sweden, Postdoctoral researcher.

Membership and Expert Activities

  • The International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP): SSG Member 2007 – present; as of 2010 co-­‐Chair; as of 2011 Chair
  • Global Ocean Ship-­‐based Hydrographic Investigations Panel (GO_SHIP): Member 2007 -­ present
  • CLIVAR Global Synthesis and Observation Panel (GSOP): Member 2007 -­ present
  • Carbon in the North Atlantic (CARINA) North Atlantic group: Chair 2007 -­ 2010
  • SFB-­754: Member 2008 – present; as of 2012 TP lead
  • CARBOCHANGE (EU FB7): Member SSC 2011 – present; WP lead 2011 – present; Chair Intellectual Property Rights Panel 2011 – present
  • SOLAS/IMBER Carbon Working Group 2: SSG member 2011 – present
  • Kiel Data Management Advisory Board: member as representative of SFB754, 2008 -­‐ present


seit 1992 Teilnahme an 27 Schiffsexpeditionen im Mittelmeer, dem schwarzen Meer, der Arktis, dem Atlantik und den Antarktischen Ozeanen.

ausgesuchte begutachtete Publikationen

Hier klicken für eine Liste aller Publikationen in OceanRep

  • Stramma, L., Czeschel, R., Tanhua, T., Brandt, P., Visbeck, M., Giese, B.S., 2016. The flow field of the upper hypoxic Eastern Tropical Atlantic oxygen minimum zone. Ocean Science, doi:10.5194/os-12-153-2016.
  • Walter, S., Kock, A., Steinhoff, T., Fiedler, B., Fietzek, P., Kaiser, J., Krol, M. C., Popa, M. E., Chen, Q., Tanhua, T., and Röckmann, T., 2016. Isotopic evidence for biogenic molecular hydrogen production in the Atlantic Ocean, Biogeosciences, 13 323-340, doi:10.5194/bg-13-323-2016.
  • Jacquet S.H.M., C. Monnin, V. Riou, L. Jullion and T. Tanhua, 2016. A high resolution and quasi-zonal transect of dissolved Ba in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Chemistry, 178, 1-7, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marchem.2015.12.001.
  • Schroeder, K., Tanhua, T., Bryden, H., Alvarez, M., Chiggiato, J., Aracri, S., 2015. Mediterranean Sea Ship-based Hydrographic Investigations Programme (Med-SHIP), 28(3), 12-15, Oceanography, dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.71.
  • Talley, L. D., Feely, R. A., Sloyan, B. M., Wanninkhof, R., Baringer, M. O., Bullister, J. L., Carlson, C. A., Doney, S. C., Fine, R. A., Firing, E., Gruber, N., Hansell, D. A., Ishii, M., Johnson, G. C., Katsumata, K., Key, R. M., Kramp, M., Langdon, C., Macdonald, A. M., Mathis, J. T., McDonagh, E. L., Mecking, S., Millero, F. J., Mordy, C. W., Nakano, T., Sabine, C. L., Smethie, W. M., Swift, J. H., Tanhua, T., Thurnherr, A. M., Warner, M. J., and Zhang, J.-Z, 2016. Changes in Ocean Heat, Carbon Content, and Ventilation: A Review of the First Decade of GO-SHIP Global Repeat Hydrography, Annual Review of Marine Science, 8, 19.1-19.31, doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-052915-100829.
  • Stöven, T., T. Tanhua, M. Hoppema, J.L Bullister,  2015. Perspectives of transient tracer applications and limiting cases. Ocean Science, doi: 10.5194/os-11-699-2015.
  • Tanhua, T., Liu, M., 2015. Upwelling velocity and ventilation in the Mauritanian upwelling system estimated by CFC-12 and SF6 observations, J. Marine Systems, 151, 57-70, doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.07.002.
  • Lauvset, S., T. Tanhua, 2015. A Toolbox for Secondary Quality Control on Ocean Chemistry and Hydrographic Data, Limnology and Oceanography Methods, 00, 00-00, doi: 10.1002/lom3.10050. 
  • Brandt, P., Banyte, D., Dengler, M., Didwischus, S.-H., Fischer, T., Greatbatch, R.J., Hahn, J.,  Kanzow, T., Karstensen, J., Körtzinger, A., Krahmann, G., Schmidtko, S., Stramma, L., Tanhua, T., Visbeck, M., 2015. On the role of circulation and mixing in the ventilation of oxygen minimum zones with a focus on the eastern tropical North Atlantic, Biogesciences, 12, 489-512, doi:10.5194/gb-12-489-2015.
  • A. Ovideo, P. Ziveri, M. Álvarez, T. Tanhua, 2015. Is coccolithophore distribution in the Mediterranean Sea related to seawater carbonate chemistry? Ocean Sci., 11, 13-33, doi:10.5194/os-11-13-2015.
  • D. Hainbucher, A. Rubino, V. Cardin, T. Tanhua, K. Schröder, M. Bensi, 2014. Hydrographic situation during M84/3 and P414, Ocean Science, 10, 669-682, doi:10.5194/os-10-669-2013.
  • Stöven, T., and  Tanhua, T.: Ventilation of the Mediterranean Sea constrained by multiple transient tracer measurements, Ocean Sci., 10, 439-457, 10.5194/os-10-439-2014, 2014.
  • Malanotte-Rizzoli, P., Artale, V., Borzelli-Eusebi, G. L., Brenner, S., Crise, A., Gacic, M., Kress, N., Marullo, S., Ribera d'Alcalà, M., Sofianos, S., Tanhua, T., Theocharis, A., Alvarez, M., Ashkenazy, Y., Bergamasco, A., Cardin, V., Carniel, S., Civitarese, G., D'Ortenzio, F., Font, J., Garcia-Ladona, E., Garcia-Lafuente, J. M., Gogou, A., Gregoire, M., Hainbucher, D., Kontoyannis, H., Kovacevic, V., Kraskapoulou, E., Kroskos, G., Incarbona, A., Mazzocchi, M. G., Orlic, M., Ozsoy, E., Pascual, A., Poulain, P. M., Roether, W., Rubino, A., Schroeder, K., Siokou-Frangou, J., Souvermezoglou, E., Sprovieri, M., Tintoré, J., and Triantafyllou, G.: Physical forcing and physical/biochemical variability of the Mediterranean Sea: a review of unresolved issues and directions for future research, 2014, Ocean Sci., 10, 281-322, 10.5194/os-10-281-2014.
  • Álvarez, M., Sanleón-Bartolomé, H., Tanhua, T., Mintrop, L., Luchetta, A., Cantoni, C., Schroeder, K., and Civitarese, G., 2014. The CO2 system in the Mediterranean Sea: a basin wide perspective, Ocean Sci., 10, 69-92, doi:10.5194/os-10-69-2014.
  • Schneider, A., Tanhua, T., Roether, W., and Steinfeldt, R., 2014. Changes in ventilation of the Mediterranean Sea during the past 25 years, Ocean Sci., 10, 1-16, doi:10.5194/os-10-1-2014.
  • T. Tanhua, N.R. Bates, A. Körtzinger, 2013. The marine carbon cycle and ocean carbon inventories. Siedler, G., Griffies, S., Gould, J. and Church, J. (Eds.): Ocean Circulation and Climate, 2nd Ed. A 21st century perspective, Academic Press, pp 787-815, doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-391851-2.00030-1.
  • Z.-T. Lu, P. Schlosser, W.M. Smethie Jr., N.C. Sturchio, T.P. Fischer, B.M. Kennedy, R. Purtschert, J.P. Severinghaus, D.K. Solomon, T. Tanhua, R. Yokochi, 2014. Tracer Applications of Noble Gas Radionuclides in the Geoscience, Earth Science Reviews, doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2013.09.002.
  • Tanhua, T., Hainbucher, D., Schroeder, K., Cardin, V., Álvarez, M., and Civitarese, G., 2013. The Mediterranean Sea system: a review and an introduction to the special issue, Ocean Sci., 9, 789-803, doi:10.5194/os-9-789-2013.
  • Ziska, F., Quack, B., Abrahamsson, K., Archer, S. D., Atlas, E., Bell, T., Butler, J. H., Carpenter, L. J., Jones, C. E., Harris, N. R. P., Hepach, H., Heumann, K. G., Hughes, C., Kuss, J., Krüger, K., Liss, P., Moore, R. M., Orlikowska, A., Raimund, S., Reeves, C. E., Reifenhäuser, W., Robinson, A. D., Schall, C., Tanhua, T., Tegtmeier, S., Turner, S., Wang, L., Wallace, D., Williams, J., Yamamoto, H., Yvon-Lewis, S., and Yokouchi, Y.: Global sea-to-air flux climatology for bromoform, dibromomethane and methyl iodide, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 8915-8934, doi:10.5194/acp-13-8915-2013, 2013.
  • T. Tanhua, Hainbucher, D., Cardin, V., Alvarez, M., Civitarese, G., McNichol, A.P., Key, R.M., 2013. Repeat hydrography in the Mediterranean Sea, data from the Meteor cruise 84/3 in 2011, Earth System Science Data, 5, 289-294, doi:10.5194/essd-5-289-2013.
  • Fischer, T.,Banyte, D., Brandt, P., Dengler, M., Krahmann, G., Tanhua, T., Visbeck,M., 2012. Diapycnal oxygen supply to the Tropical North Atlantic oxygen minimum zone, Biogeoscience, 10, 5079-5093, doi:10.5194/bg-105079-2012.

·         Banyte, D., Visbeck, M., Tanhua, T., Fischer, T., Krahmann, G., J. Karstensen, 2013. Lateral diffusivity from tracer release experiments in the tropical North Atlantic thermocline. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1-15, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20211.

·         Khatiwala, S., Tanhua, T., Mikaloff-Fletcher, S., Greber, M., Doney, S.C., Graven, H.D., Gruber, N., McKinley, G.A., Murata, A., Rios, A., Sabine, C.L., 2013. Global Ocean Storage of anthropogenic carbon, Biogeosciences, 10, 2169-2191, doi:10.5194/bg10-2169-2013.

·         Tanhua, T., Waugh, D.W., Bullister, J.L., 2013. Estimating changes in ocean ventilation from the early 1990s CFC-12 and late 2000s SF6 measurements. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1-6, doi:10.1002/grl.50251.

·         Velo, A., Pérez, F., Tanhua, T., Gilcoto, M., Ríos, A., Key, R., 2013. Total alkalinity estimation using MLR and neural network techniques, Journal of Marine Systems, 111-112, 11-18, doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.09.002.

·         Schneider, A., Tanhua, T., Körtzinger, A., Wallace, D.W.R., 2012. An evaluation of tracer fields and anthropogenic carbon in the equatorial and the tropical North Atlantic, Deep-Sea Research, 67, 85-97, doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2012.05.007.

·         Tanhua, T. and Keeling R.F. Changes in column inventories of carbon and oxygen in the Atlantic Ocean, 2012. Biogeosciences, 9, 4819-4833, doi:10.5194/bg-9-4819-2012.

·         Banyte, D., Tanhua, T., Visbeck, M., Wallace, D.W.R, Karstensen, J., Krahmann, G., Schneider, A., Stramma, L., 2012. Diapycnal Diffusivity at the upper boundary of the North Atlantic oxygen minimum zone, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C09016, doi:10.1029/2011JC007762.

·         McGrath, T., Kivimae, C., Tanhua, T., Cave, R., McGovern, E., 2012. Inorganic carbon and pH levels in the Rockall Trough 1991 - 2010, Deep-Sea Research, 68, 79-91, doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2012.05.011.

·         Holtermann, P.L., Umlauf, L., Schmale, O., Rehder, G., Tanhua, T., Waniek, J., 2012. The Baltic Sea Tracer Release Experiment. Part I: Mixing rates, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C01021, doi:10.1029/2011JC007439.

·         Álvarez, M., Tanhua, T., Brix, H., Lo Monaco, C., Metzl, N., McDonagh, E., Bryden, H.L., 2011. Decadal biogeochemical changes in the western Indian Ocean associated with Subantarctic Mode Water, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C09016, doi:10.1029/2010JC006475.

·         Lee, K., Sabine, C.L., Tanhua, T., Kim, T-W., Feely, R.A., 2011. Roles of marginal seas in absorbing fossil fuel CO2. Energy and environmental science, 4, 1133, doi:10.1039/C0EE00663G

·         Tanhua, T., Key, R.M., Hoppema, M., Olsen, A., Ishii, M., Sabine, C.L., 2010. Expanding Carbon Data Collection from the Ocean’s Interior. EOS, 91(48), pp 457-458.

·         Schneider, A., Tanhua, T., Körtzinger, A., Wallace, D.W.R., 2010. High anthropogenic carbon content in the eastern Mediterranean, Journal of Geophysical Research, C12050, doi:10.1029/2010JC006171.

·         Tanhua, T., 2010. On the importance of accurate nutrient data on oceanic anthropogenic carbon calculations. In: Comparability of nutrients in the world's ocean: INSS international workshop 10-12 Feb, 2009, Paris. pp 81-90. Editors: M. Aoyama, A. Dickson, D. Hydes, A. Murata, P. Roose and M. Woodward, Mother Tank, Tsukuba, Japan.

·         Pierrot, D., P. Brown, S. van Heuven, T. Tanhua, U. Schuster, R. Wanninkhof, R.M. Key, 2010. CARINA TCO2 data in the Atlantic Ocean, Earth System Science Data, 2, 177-187, doi:10.5194/essd-2-177-2010.

·         Anderson, L.G., Tanhua, T., Björk, G., Hjalmarsson, S., Jones, E.P., Jutterström, S., Rudels, B., Swift, J.H.,Wahlström, I., 2010. Arctic Ocean shelf – basin interaction, evidence of an active continental shelf CO2 pump and its impact on the degree of calcium carbonate dissolution. Deep Sea Research – I, 57(7), 869-879, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2010.03.012.

·         Velo, A., F. F. Pérez, X. Lin, R. M. Key, T. Tanhua, M. de la Paz, A. Olsen, S. van Heuven, S. Jutterström, and A. F. Ríos, 2010. CARINA data synthesis project: pH data scale unification and cruise adjustments, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 2, 133-155, doi:10.5194/essd-2-133-2010.

·         Key, R. M., Tanhua, T., Olsen, A., Hoppema, M., Jutterström, S., Schirnick, C., van Heuven, S., Lin, X., Wallace, D. W. R., and Mintrop, L., 2010. The CARINA data synthesis project: introduction and overview, Earth System Science Data, 2, 105-121, doi:10.5194/essd-2-105-2010.

·         Jeansson, E., Olsson, K. A., Tanhua, T., and Bullister, J. L., 2010. Nordic Seas and Arctic Ocean CFC Data in CARINA, Earth System Science Data, 2, 79-97, doi:10.5194/essd-2-79-2010.

·         Lo Monaco, M., Álvarez, M., Key, R. M., Lin, X., Tanhua, T., Tilbrook, B., Bakker, D. C., van Heuven, S., Hoppema, M., Metzl, N., Ríos, A. F., Sabine, C. L., and Velo, A., 2010. Assessing internal consistency of the CARINA database in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean, Earth System Science Data, 2, 51-70, doi:10.5194/essd-2-51-2010.

·         Tanhua, T., van Heuven, S., Key, R. M., Velo, A., Olsen, A., and Schirnick, C., 2010. Quality control procedures and methods of the CARINA database, Earth System Science Data, 2, 35-49, doi:10.5194/essd-2-35-2010.

·         Tanhua, T., Steinfeldt, R., Key, R. M., Brown, P., Gruber, N., Wanninkhof, R., Perez, F., Körtzinger, A., Velo, A., Schuster, U., van Heuven, S., Bullister, J. L., Stendardo, I., Hoppema, M., Olsen, A., Kozyr, A., Pierrot, D., Schirnick, C., and Wallace, D. W. R., 2010. Atlantic Ocean CARINA data: overview and salinity adjustments, Earth System Science Data, 2, 17-34, doi:10.5194/essd-2-17-2010.

·         Sabine, C.L., Tanhua, T., 2010. Estimation of Anthropogenic CO2 Inventories in the Ocean, Annual Reviews of Marine Science, 2, 269-92. doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-120308-080947.

·         Steinfeldt, R., Tanhua, T., Bullister, J.L, Key, R.M., Rhein, M., and Köhler, J., 2010. Atlantic CFC data in CARINA, Earth System Science Data, 2, 1-15, doi:10.5194/essd-2-1-2010.

·         Tanhua, T., Brown, P., Key, R. M., 2009. CARINA: nutrient data in the Atlantic Ocean, Earth System Science Data, 1, 7-24, doi:10.5194/essd-1-7-2009.

·         Velo, A., Perez, F. F., Brown, P., Tanhua, T., Schuster, U., and Key, R. M.: CARINA Alkalinity data in the Atlantic Ocean, Earth System Science Data, 1, 45-61, 2009, doi:10.5194/essd-1-45-2009.

·         Hoppema, M., Velo, A., Heuven, S. v., Tanhua, T., Key, R. M., Lin, X., Bakker, D. C. E., Perez, F. F., Ríos, A., Monaco, C. L., Sabine, C. L., Álvarez, M., and Bellerby, R.G.J., 2009. Consistency of cruise data of the CARINA database in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean, Earth System Science Data, 1, 63-75, doi:10.5194/essd-1-63-2009.

·         Olsen, A., Key, R. M., Jeansson, E., Falck, E., Olafsson, J., van Heuven, S., Skjelvan, I., Omar, A. M., Olsson, K.a., Anderson, L. G., Jutterström, S., Rey, F., Johannessen, T., Bellerby, R.G.J., Blindheim, J., Bullister, J., Pfeil, B., Lin, X.,  Schirnick, C., Tanhua, T.,  and Wallace, D. W. R., 2009. Overview of the Nordic Seas CARINA Data and Salinity, Earth System Science Data, 1, 25-34, doi:10.5194/essd-1-25-2009

·         Stramma, L., Visbeck, M., Brandt, P., Tanhua, T., Wallace, D.W.R., 2009. Deoxygenation in the oxygen minimum zone of the eastern tropical North Atlantic, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L20607, doi:10.1029GL039593.

·         Freing, A., Wallace, D.W.R., Tanhua, T., Walter, S., Bange, H., 2009. North Atlantic Production of Nitrous Oxide in the context of Changing Atmospheric Levels. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, GB4015, doi:10.1029/2009GB003472.

·         Alvaréz, M., C. Lo Monaco, T. Tanhua, A. Yool, A. Oschlies, J.L. Bullister, C. Goyet, F. Tourtair, E. McDonagh, H.L. Bryden, 2009. Estimating the storage of anthropogenic carbon in the subtropical Indian Ocean: A comparison of five different approaches, Biogeosciences, 6, 681-703.

·         Steinfeldt, R., Rhein, M., Bullister, J., Tanhua, T., 2009. Inventory changes of anthropogenic carbon in the Atlantic between 1997 and 2003. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, GB3010, doi:10.1029/2008GB003311.

·         Tanhua, T., Jones, E.P., Jeansson, E., Jutterström, S., Smethie, W.M.Jr., Wallace, D.W.R., Anderson, L.G., 2009. Ventilation of the Arctic Ocean: Mean ages and inventories of anthropogenic CO2 and CFC-11, Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 114, C01002, doi:10.1029/2008JC004868.

·         Umlauf, L, Tanhua, T., Waniek, J., Schmale, O., Holtermann, P., Rehder, G., 2008. Hunting a New Oceanic Tracer. Eos, 89(43), p419.

·         Messias, M.-J., Watson, A.J., Johannessen, T., Oliver, K.I.C., Olsson, K.A., Fogelqvist, E., Olafsson, J., Bacon, S., Balle, J., Bergman, N., Budéus, G. Danielsen, M., Gascard, J.-C. Jeansson, E., Olafsdottir, S.R., Simonsen, K., Tanhua, T., Van Scoy, K. and Ledwell, J., 2008.The Greenland Sea Tracer Experiment 1996-2002: horizontal mixing and transport of Greenland Sea Intermediate Water. Progress in Oceanography, 78, 85-105.

·         Miller,  B.R., Weiss, R.F., Salameh, P.K., Tanhua, T., Greally, B.R., Mühle, J., Simmonds, J.P., 2008. Medusa – a sample preconcentration and GC-MSD system for in situ Measurements of atmospheric trace halocarbons, hydrocarbons and sulfur compounds. Analytical Chemistry, 80(5), 1536-1545.

·         Tanhua, T., Waugh, D.W., Wallace, D.W.R., 2008. Use of SF6 to estimate anthropogenic CO2 in the upper ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans, 113, C04037, doi:10.1029/2007JC004416.

·         Tanhua, T., Olsson, K.A., Jeansson, E., 2008. Tracer evidence of the origin and variability of Denmark Strait Overflow Water. In: Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the role of the Nordic Seas in Climate, Eds. Bob Dickson, Jens Maincke and Peter Rhines, Springer Verlag, 475-503.

·         Tanhua, T., Körtzinger, A., Friis, K., Waugh, D.W., Wallace, D.W.R., 2007. An estimate of anthropogenic CO2 inventory from decadal changes in oceanic carbon content. PNAS, 104, 9, 3037-3042.

  • Tanhua, T., Biastoch, A., Körtzinger, A., Lüger, H., Böning, C., and Wallace, D.W.R., 2006. Changes of anthropogenic CO2 and CFCs in the North Atlantic between 1981 and 2004. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, GB4017, doi:10.1029/2006GB002695.

·         Greally, B.R., Simmonds, P.G., O’Doherty, S., McCulloch, A., Miller, B.R., Salameh, P.K., Mühle, J., Tanhua, T., Harth, C., Weiss, R.F., Fraser, P.J., Krummel, P.B., Dunse, B.L., Porter, L.W. and Prinn, RG., 2005. Improved continuous in situ measurements of C1-C3 PFCs, HFCs, HCFCs, CFCs and SF6 in Europe and Australia. Environmental Science, 2(2-3), 253-261.

·         Tanhua, T. and Wallace, D.W.R., 2005. Consistency of TTO-NAS Inorganic Carbon Data with modern measurements. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L14618, doi:10.1029/2005GL032348.

·         Tanhua, T., Bulsiewicz, K. and Rhein, M., 2005. Spreading of Overflow Water from the Greenland to the Labrador Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 32,L10605, doi:10.1029/2002GL0227700.

·         Tanhua, T., Olsson, K.A, Jeansson, E., 2005. Formation of Denmark Strait Overflow Water and its hydro-chemical composition. Journal of Marine Systems, 57, 264-288, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2005.05.003.

·         Tanhua, T., Olsson, K.A., 2005. Removal and bio-accumulation of anthropogenic halogenated transient tracers in an anoxic fjord. Marine Chemistry, 94/1-4, pp 27-41  doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2004.07.009

·         Olsson K.A., Jaensson, E., Tanhua, T., J-C. Cascard, 2005. The East Greenland Current studied with CFCs and released sulphur hexafluoride. Journal of Marine Systems, 55/1-2, 77-95, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2004.07.019.

·         Tanhua, T., Olsson, K.A. and Fogelqvist, E. 2004. A First study of SF6 as a transient tracer in the Southern Ocean. Deep Sea Research II, 51(22-24), 2683-2699.

·         Fogelqvist, E., Blindheim, J., Tanhua, T., Buch, E., Österhus, S., 2003. Greenland- Scotland Overflow studied by hydro-chemical multivariate analysis. Deep Sea Research I, 50, 1, pp. 73-102.

·         Watson, A.J., Messias, M.-J., Fogelqvist, E., Van Scoy, K.A., Johannessen, T., Livier, K.I.C., Stevens, P., Rey, F., Tanhua, T., Olsson, A., Carse, F., Simonsen, K., Ledwell, J.R., Jansen, E., Cooper, D.J., Kruepke, J.A., Guilyardi, E., 1999. Mixing in the Greenland Sea gyre studied by tracer release. Nature, 401, 902-904.

·         Tanhua, T., Fogelqvist, E., Bastürk, Ö., 1996. Reduction of volatile halocarbons in anoxic seawater, results from a study in the Black Sea. Marine Chemistry, 54, 159-170.

·         Fogelqvist, E., Tanhua, T., Salihoglu, I., Bastürk, Ö. 1996. The distribution of some man-made and naturally produced halocarbons in a double layer flow strait system. Cont. Shelf Res., 16(9), 1185-1199.

·         Fogelqvist, E. and Tanhua, T., 1995. Iodinated C1-C4 hydrocarbons released from ice algae in Antarctica. In: Naturally Produced Organohalogens (Eds. A. Grimvall and E.W.B. de Leer) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Nederlands, 295-305.

·         Krysell, M., Fogelqvist, E., Tanhua, T., 1994. Apparent Removal of the Transient Tracer Carbon Tetrachloride from Anoxic Seawater. Geophys. Res. Lett. 21(23), 2511-2514.

·         Gammelsrod, T., Foldvik, A., Nost, O.A., Skagseth, Ø., Anderson, L.G., Fogelqvist, E., Olsson, K., Tanhua, T., Jones, E.P., Østerhus, S., 1994. Distribution of Water Masses on the Continental Shelf in the Southern Weddell Sea. In: The Polar Oceans and Their Role in Shaping the Global Environment, Eds. R. Muench, and O.M. Johannesson, American Geophysical Union, Washington DC, USA. Geophysical Monograph 84, 159-176.