Peer-reviewed DSM Publications


(53) Alevizos, E., Huvenne, V.A.I., Schoening, T., Simon-Lledó, E., Robert, K., and Jones, D.O.B. (2022). Linkages between sediment thickness, geomorphology and Mn nodule occurrence: New evidence from AUV geophysical mapping in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 179, 103645, 9 Pages. DOI:

(52) Jones, D.O.B., Simon-Lledó, E., Amon, D.J., Bett, B.J., Caulle, C., Clément, L., Connelly, D.P., Dahlgren, T.G., Durden, J.M., Drazen, J.C., Felden, J., Gates, A.R., Georgieva, M.N., Glover, A.G., Gooday, A.J., Hollingsworth, A.L., Horton, T., James, R.H., Jeffreys, R.M., Laguionie-Marchais, C., Leitner, A.B., Lichtschlag, A., Menendez, A., Paterson, G.L.J., Peel, K.,  Robert, K., Schoening, T., Shulga, N.A., Smith, C.R., Taboada, S., Thurnherr, A.M., Wiklund, H., Young, C.R., and Huvenne, V.A.I. (2021). Environment, ecology, and potential effectiveness of an area protected from deep-sea mining (Clarion Clipperton Zone, abyssal Pacific), Progress in Oceanography, 197, 102653, 19 Pages. DOI:

(51) von See, T.B., Meurer, T., and Greinert, J. (2021). Marine boundary layer tracking using an AUV with UKF based extremum seeking, IFAC-PapersOnLine, 54 (16), 320–326, 13th IFAC Conference on Control Applications in Marine Systems, Robotics, and Vehicles CAMS 2021. DOI:

(50) Kampmeier, M., Michaelis, P., Wehner, D., Frey, T., Seidel, M., Wendt, J., and Greinert, J. (2021). Workflow towards autonomous and semi-automized UXO Survey and Detection, Acoustical Society of America: Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, 44 (1), 11 Pages. DOI:

(49)  Gazis, I.-Z. and Greinert, J. (2021). Importance of Spatial Autocorrelation in Machine Learning Modeling of Polymetallic Nodules, Model Uncertainty and Transferability at Local Scale, Minerals, 11 (11), 1172, 33 Pages. DOI:

(32) Liu, H., Büscher, J. V., Köser, K., Greinert, J., Song, H., Chen, Y., and Schoening, T. (2021): Automated Activity Estimation of the Cold-Water Coral Lophelia pertusa by Multispectral Imaging and Computational Pixel Classification, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 38 (2), 141-154. DOI:


(48) Schoening, T., Purser, A., Langenkämper, D., Suck, I., Taylor, J., Cuvelier, D., Lins, L., Simon-Lledó, E., Marcon, Y., Jones, D. O. B., Nattkemper, T., Köser, K., Zurowietz, M., Greinert, J., and Gomes-Pereira, J. (2020): Megafauna community assessment of polymetallic-nodule fields with cameras: platform and methodology comparison, Biogeosciences, 17, 3115–3133,

(44) Kampmeier, M., van der Lee, E. M., Wichert, U., and Greinert, J. (2020) Exploration of the munition dumpsite Kolberger Heide in Kiel Bay, Germany: Example for a standardised hydroacoustic and optic monitoring approach, Continental Shelf Research, DOI: 10.1016/j.csr.2020.104108.

(34) Gausepohl, F., Hennke, A., Schoening, T., Köser, K., and Greinert, J. (2020): Scars in the abyss: reconstructing sequence, location and temporal change of the 78 plough tracks of the 1989 DISCOL deep-sea disturbance experiment in the Peru Basin, Biogeosciences, 17, 1463–1493,


(47) Veloso, M., Greinert, J, Mienert, J., and De Batist, M.(2019). Corrigendum: A new methodology for quantifying bubble flow rates in deep water using splitbeam echosounders: Examples from the Arctic offshore NW Svalbard. Limnol. Oceanogr.: Methods 13, 2015, 267–287,DOI:10.1002/lom3.10024.

(45) Veloso, M., Jansson, P., De Batist, M., Minshull, T., Westbrook, G., Pälike, H., Bünz, S., Wright, I., and Greinert, J. (2019) Variability of acoustically evidenced methane bubble emissions offshore western Svalbard, Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 9072–9081. DOI: 10.1029/2019GL082750

(43) She, M., Song, Y., Mohrmann, J., and Köser, K (2019), Adjustment and Calibration of Dome Ports for Underwater Vision. The 41th German Conference on Pattern Recognition (GCPR 2019)

(42) Song, Y.,Köser, K., Kwasnitschka, T., and Koch, R. (2019), Iterative Refinement for Underwater 3D Reconstruction: Application to disposed underwater munitions in the Baltic Sea. ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XLII-2/W10 . pp. 181-187. DOI 10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W10-181-2019.

(40) Schoening, T. (2019) A sea-going high-performance compute cluster, Frontiers in Marine Sciences, DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00736


(39) Alevizos, E. and Greinert, J.(2018), The Hyper-Angular Cube Concept for Improving the Spatial and Acoustic Resolution of MBES Backscatter Angular Response Analysis. Geosciences, 8, 446.

(38) Liu, H., Sticklus, J., Köser, K., Hoving, H.-J. T., Song, H., Chen, Y., Greinert, J., and Schoening, T. (2018), TuLUMIS - a tunable LED-based underwater multispectral imaging system, Opt. Express 26 , 7811-7828

(37) Schoening, T., Köser, K., and Greinert, J. (2018). An acquisition, curation and management workflow for sustainable, terabyte-scale marine image analysis. Sci. Data 5:180181 doi: 10.1038/sdata.2018.181

(35) Gazis, I.Z., Schoening, T., Alevizos, E., and Greinert, J. (2018), Quantitative mapping and predictive modeling of Mn nodules’ distribution from hydroacoustic and optical AUV data linked by random forests machine learning. Biogeosciences, 15, 7347–7377.

(33) Peukert, A.,Schoening, T., Alevizos, E.., Köser, K, Kwasnitschka, T., and Greinert, J. (2018) Understanding Mn-nodule distribution and evaluation of related deep-sea mining impacts using AUV-based hydroacoustic and optical data, Biogeosciences, 15, 2525-2549,


(31) Plaza-Faverola, A., Vadakkepuliyambatta, S., Hong,W.-L., Mienert, J., Bünz, S. Chand, S., and Greinert, J. (2017) Bottom-simulating reflector dynamics at Arctic thermogenic gas provinces: An example from Vestnesa Ridge, offshore west Svalbard, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JB013761.

(30) Römer, M., Wenau, S., Mau, S., Veloso, M., Greinert, J. , Schlüter, M., and Bohrmann, G. (2017) Assessing marine gas emission activity and contribution to the atmospheric methane inventory: A multidisciplinary approach from the Dutch Dogger Bank seep area (North Sea), Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 18, doi:10.1002/2017GC006995.

(29) Schoening, T., Jones, D.O.B., and Greinert, J. (2017) Compact-Morphology-based poly-metallic Nodule Delineation. Scientific Reports, (May), 1–12.

(28) Alevizos, E., Snellen, J., Simons, D., Siemes, K., and  Greinert, J. (2017) Multi-angle backscatter classification and sub-bottom profiling for improved seafloor characterization. Mar. Geophys Res. DOI 10.1007/s11001-017-9325-4

(27) Xu, C., Greinert, J., Haeckel, M., Bialas, J., Dimitrov, L. and Zhao, G. (In Press / Accepted) The Character and Formation of Elongated Depressions on the Upper Bulgarian Slope.Journal of Ocean University of China, 17 (1). Item availability may be restricted.

(26) Pohlman, J.W., Greinert, J., Ruppel, C., Silyakova, A., Vielstädte, L., Casso, M., Mienert, J.,Bünz, S. (2017) Enhanced CO2 uptake at a shallow Arctic Ocean seep field overwhelms the positive warming potential of emitted methane PNAS 2017 : 1618926114v1-201618926

(25) Jones, D.O.B., Kaiser, S, Sweetman, A.K., Smith, C.R., Menot, L., Vink A, Trueblood,D., Greinert, J., Billet, D.S.M., Martinez Arbizu, P., Radziejewska, T., Singh, Ravail, Ingole, B., Stratmann, T., Simon-Lledó, E., Durden, J.M., Clark, M.R. (2017) Biological responses to disturbance from simulated deep-sea polymetallic nodule mining.PLoS ONE 12(2):e0171750. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0171750

(24) Langenkämper, D., Zurowietz, M., Schoening, T. and Nattkemper ,T.W. (2017) BIIGLE 2.0 - Browsing and Annotating Large Marine Image Collections. Front. Mar. Sci. 4:83. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00083



(23) Urban, P., Köser, K.and Greinert, J. (2016) Processing of multibeam water column image data for automated bubble/seep detection and repeated mapping. Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods. doi: 10.1002/lom3.10138

(22) Lorenson, T., Greinert, J., and Coffin, R. (2016) Dissolved methane in the Beaufort Sea and the Arctic Ocean, 1992-2009; Sources and atmospheric flux. Limnol. Oceanogr.

(21) Durden, J. M., Schoening, T., Althaus, F., Friedman, A., Garcia, R.l, Glover, A. G., Greinert, J., Jacobsen Stout, N., Jones, D. O.B., Jordt, A., Kaeli, J., Köser, K., Kuhnz, L. A., Lindsay, D., Morris, K. J., Nattkemper, T. W., Osterloff, J., Ruhl, H. A., Singh, H., Tran, M., Bett, B. J. (2016) Perspectives in visual imaging for marine biology and ecology: from acquisition to understanding. In, Hughes, R.N., Hughes, D.J., Smith, I.P. and Dale, A.C. (eds.) Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, Vol. 54. Boca Raton, US, CRC Press, 1-72.

(20) Gomes-Pereira, J. N., Auger, V., Beisiegel, K., Benjamin, R., Bergmann, M., Bowden, D.,  Buhl-Mortensen, P., De Leo, F.C., Dionísio, G., Durden, J.M., Edwards, L., Friedman, A., Greinert, J., Jacobsen-Stout, N., Lerner, S., Leslie, M., Nattkemper, T.W., Sameoto, J.A., Schoening, T., Schouten, R., Seager, J., Singh, H., Soubigou, O., Tojeira, I., van den Beld, I., Dias, F., Tempera, F., S. Santos, R. (2016) Current and future trends in marine image annotation software, Progress in Oceanography, Volume 149, Pages 106-120, ISSN 0079-6611,

(19) v. Haren, H., Greinert, J. (2016) Turbulent high-latitude oceanic intrusions—details of non-smooth apparent isopycnal transport West of Svalbard. Ocean Dynamics (2016) 66:785–794 DOI 10.1007/s10236-016-0955-x

(18) James R.H., Bousquet, P., Bussmann, I., Haeckel, M., Kipfer, R., Leifer, I., Niemann, H., Ostrovsky, I., Piskozub, J., Rehder, G., Treude, T., Vielstädte,, L., and Greinert, J. (2016) Effects of climate change on methane emissions from seafloor sediments in the Arctic Ocean: A review. Limnol. Oceanogr. 00, 2016, 00–00; doi: 10.1002/lno.10307

(17) Jordt, A., Köser, K., Koch, R. (2016) Refractive 3D reconstruction on underwater images, Methods in Oceanography, Volumes 15–16, Pages 90-113, ISSN 2211-1220,

(16) Kwasnitschka, T., Köser, K., Sticklus, J., Rothenbeck, M., Weiß, T., Wenzlaff, E., Schoening, T., Triebe, L., Steinführer, A., Devey, C., Greinert, J. (2016) DeepSurveyCam: A deep ocean optical survey system, Sensors 16(2), 164; doi:10.3390/s16020164

(15) Luo, M., Dale, A.W., Haffert, L., Haeckel, M., Koch, S., Crutchley, G., De Stigter, H., Chen, D., Greinert, J. (2016) A quantitative assessment of methane cycling in Hikurangi Margin sediments (New Zealand) using geophysical imaging and biogeochemical modeling. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst.

(14) Lund Myhre, C., Ferré, B., Platt, S. M., Silyakova, A., Hermansen, O., Allen, G., Pisso, I., Schmidbauer, N., Stohl, A., Pitt, J., Jansson, P., Greinert, J., Percival, C., Fjaeraa, A. M., O'Shea, S. J., Gallagher, M., Le Breton, M., Bower, K. N., Bauguitte, S. J. B., Dalsøren, S., Vadakkepuliyambatta, S., Fisher, R. E., Nisbet, E. G., Lowry, D., Myhre, G., Pyle, J. A., Cain, M., Mienert, J. (2016) Extensive release of methane from Arctic seabed west of Svalbard during summer 2014 does not influence the atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 4624–4631, doi:10.1002/2016GL068999

(13) Saurer, O., Baatz, G., Köser, K., Ladicky, L., Pollefeys, M. (2016) Image Based Geo-localization in the Alps. International Journal of Computer Vision, Volume 116 Issue 3, Pages 213-225; doi 10.1007/s11263-015-0830-0

(12) Schoening, T., Kuhn, T., Jones, D. O.B., Simon-Lledo, E., Nattkemper, T. W., (2016) Fully automated image segmentation for benthic resource assessment of poly-metallic nodules. Methods in Oceanography, Volumes 15–16, Pages 78-89, ISSN 2211-1220,

(11) Schoening, T., Osterloff, J., Nattkemper, T. W. (2016) RecoMIA — Recommendations for Marine Image Annotation : Lessons Learned and Future Directions  Frontiers in Marine Science


(10) Alevizos, E., Snellen, M., Simons, D., Siems, K., and Greinert, J. (2015) Acoustic discrimination of relatively homogeneous fine sediments using Bayesian classification on MBES data. Marine Geology, 370 (2015) 31–42;

(9) Jordt, A. Zelenka, C., Schneider v. Deimling, J., Koch, R., Köser, K. (2015) The Bubble Box: Towards an Automated Visual Sensor for 3D Analysis and Characterization of Marine Gas Release Sites, Sensors, 15(12), 30716-30735; doi:10.3390/s151229825

(8) Koch, S., Berndt, C., Bialas, J., Haeckel, M., Crutchley, G., Papenberg, C., Klaeschen, D., and Greinert, J. (2015) Gas-controlled seafloor doming. Geology, DOI:10.1130/G36596.1

(7) Steinle, L., Graves, C.A., Treude, T., Ferré, B., Biastoch, A., Bussmann, I., Berndt, C., Krastel, S., James, R.H., Behrens, E., Böning, C.W.,Greinert, J., Sapart, C.-J., Scheinert, M., Sommer, S., Lehmann, M. F., and Niemann, H. (2015) Water column methanotrophy controlled by arapid oceanographic switch. Nature Geosciences, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2420

(6) Veloso, M., Greinert,. J., Mienert, J., and De Batits, M. (2015): A new methodology for quantifying bubble flow rates in deep water using splitbeam echosounders: Examples from the Arctic offshore NW-Svalbard. Limnol. Oceanogr.: Methods, doi: 10.1002/lom3.10024


(5) Dale, A., Sommer, S., Ryabenko, E., Noffke, A., Bohlen, L., Wallmann, K., Stolpovsky, K., Greinert, J., and Pfannkuche, O. (2014): Benthic nitrogen fluxes and fractionation of nitrate in the Mauritanian oxygen minimum zone (Eastern Tropical North Atlantic). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 134, 234-256, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2014.02.026

(4) Hoekendijk, J.P.A., de Vries, J., van der Bolt, K., Greinert, J., Brasseur, S., Camphuysen, K.C.J., and Aarts, G. (2014) Estimating the spatial position of marine mammals based on digital camera recordings. Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1002/ece3.1353

(3) Smith, J.A.,Mienert. J., Bünz, S., and Greinert, J. (2014) Thermogenic methane injection via bubble transport into the upperArctic Ocean from the hydrate-charged Vestnesa Ridge, Svalbard. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. DOI 10.1002/2013GC005179

(2) Hamdan, L.J., Coffin, R.B., Sikaroodi, M., Greinert, J., Treude, T., and Gillevet, P.M. (2013) Ocean currents shape the microbiome of Arctic marine sediments. ISME J. 2013 Apr;7(4):685-96. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2012.143


(1) v. Haren, H., Greinert, J. (2013): Variability of internal frontal bore breaking above Opouawe Bank methane seep area (New Zealand). Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14 (7), 2460-2473. doi: 10.1002/ggge.20170.





González, E., Purkiani, K., Buck, V., Stäbler, F., and Greinert, J. (2021) Spatiotemporal visualisation of a deep sea sediment plume dispersion experiment. In: Dutta, S., Feige, K., Rink, K., and Zeckzer, D. (Eds.): Workshop on Visualisation in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis), The Eurographics Association, DOI: 10.2312/envirvis.20211082

Buck, V., Stäbler, F., González, E., and Greinert, J. (2021) Digital Earth Viewer: a 4D visualisation platform for geoscience datasets. In: Dutta, S., Feige, K., Rink, K., and Zeckzer, D. (Eds.): Workshop on Visualisation in Environmental Sciences (EnvirVis), The Eurographics Association, DOI: 10.2312/envirvis.20211081

Schoening, T., Durden, J., Preuss, I., Branzan Albu, A., Purser, A., De Smet, B., Dominguez-Carrió, C., Yesson, C.,  de Jonge, D., Lindsay, D., Schulz, J., Möller, K., Beisiegel, K., Kuhnz, L., Hoeberechts, M., Piechaud, N., Sharuga, S., Treibitz, T. (2017) Report on the Marine Imaging Workshop 2017. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e13820:

Peukert, A., Petersen, S., Greinert, J. and Charlot, F. (2017) Seabed mining. In: Submarine geomorphology. , ed. by Micallef, A., Krastel, S. and Savini, A.. Springer, Cham, pp. 481-502.

Saurer, O., Baatz, G., Köser, K., Ladicky, L., Pollefeys, M. (2016) Image-based Large Scale Geo-Localization in Mountainous Regions. In A.Zamir, A.Hakeem, L. Van Gool, M.Shah, R.Szeliski (Eds.): Large Scale Visual Geolocalization, Springer-Verlag ISBN 978-3-319-25781-5

Schulz, K. O., Möller, Bracher, A., Hieronymi, M., Cisewski, B., Zielinski, O., Voss, D.,  Gutzeit, E., Dolereit, T., Niedzwiedz, G., Kohlberg, G., Schories, D., Kiko, R., Körtzinger, A., Falldorf, C., Fischer, P., Nowald, N., Beisiegel, K., Martinez-Arbizu, P., Rüssmeier, N.,  Röttgers, R., Büdenbender, J., Jordt-Sedlazeck, A., Koch, R., Riebesell, U., Hvitfeldt Iversen,  M., Köser, K., Kwasnitschka, T., Wellhausen, J., Barz, K., Rohde, S., Nattkemper, T. W., Schoening, T., Peeters, F., Hofmann, H., Busch, J. A., Hirche, H. , Niehoff, B., Hildebrandt, N., Stohr, E., Winter, C., Herbst, G., Konrad, C., Schmidt, M., Linke, P., Brey, T., Bange, H. W., Nolle, L., Krägefsky, S.,  Gröger, J., Sauter, E., Schulz,  M., Müller, J., Rehder, G., Stepputtis, D., Beszteri, B., Kloster, M., Kauer, G., Göritz, A., Gege, P.,. v. Lukas, U. F., Bathmann U. (2015) Aquatische Optische Technologien in Deutschland. Meereswiss. Berichte des IOW, Warnemünde, 97DOI: 10.12754/msr-2015-0097