Dynamics of the Ocean Floor

Working Group 'Modeling geodynamic, magmatic and hydrothermal processes'

 German-Swiss Geodynamics Workshop 2018

Research focus:


Group members:


   Prof. Lars Rüpke       Dr. Sonja Theissen-Krah    Dr. Ewa Burwicz-Galerne       Dr. Ria Fischer                   Dr. Karthik Iyer

       (Group Leader)                        (Post-Doc)                               (Post-Doc)                            (Post-Doc)                               (Post-Doc)


     Falko Vehling                    Zhikui Guo                            Oliver Rustler                    Marion Liebetrau

        (PhD student)                       (PhD student)                           (MSc student)                       (Team assistant)


Former group members:

Dr. Jörg Hasenclever (now at the University of Hamburg)

Dr. Christine Andersen (now at GFZ Potsdam)


Highlighted Publications:

  • Hasenclever J, Knorr G, Rüpke LH, Köhler P, Morgan JP, Garofalo K, Barker S, Lohmann G, Hall I (2017): Sea level fall during glaciation stabilized atmospheric CO2 by enhanced volcanic degassing, Nature Communications,doi:10.1038/ncomms15867
  • Hasenclever J, Theissen-Krah S, Rüpke LH, Morgan JP, Iyer K, Petersen S, Devey CW (2014): Hybrid shallow on-axis and deep off-axis hydrothermal circulation at fast-spreading ridges, Nature, Vol 508, Issue 7497, doi:10.1038/nature13174

Recent Publications:


  • Jess Hillman; Ewa Burwicz; Timo Zander; Joerg Bialas; Ingo Klaucke; Howard Feldman; Tina Drexler; David Awwiller (2018) Investigating a gas hydrate system in apparent disequilibrium in the Danube Fan, Black Sea, Earth and Planetary Science Letters (502), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.08.051.

  • Christopher Schmidt, Ewa Burwicz, Christian Hensen, Klaus Wallmann, Sara Martínez-Loriente, Eulàlia Gràcia (2018) Genesis of mud volcano fluids in the Gulf of Cadiz using a novel basin-scale model approach, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 243 pp. 186-204. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2018.09.011.
  • Quirk D. and Rüpke L (2018): Melt-induced buoyancy may explain the elevated rift-rapid sag paradox during breakup of continental plates, Nature Scientific Reports, 8, 9985, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-27981-2
  • Köhler P, Knorr G,  Stab L, Ganoposlky A, de Boer B, van de Wal R, Barker S, Rüpke L (2018): The effect of obliquity‐driven changes on paleoclimate sensitivity during the late Pleistocene, Geophysical Research Letters (accepted), DOI: 10.1029/2018GL077717
  • Elger J, Berndt C, Rüpke L, Krastel S, Gross F, Geissler W H (2018): Pipe structure formation as a trigger for submarine slope failures. Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-03176-1
  • Karstens J, Haflidason H, Becker L, Berndt C, Rüpke L, Planke S, Liebetrau V, Schmidt M,  Mienert J (2018): Glacigenic sedimentation pulses triggered postglacial gas hydrate dissociation, Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-03043-z
  • Heimdal T, Svensen H, Ramezani J, Iyer K, Pereira E, Rodrigues R, Jones M, Callegaro S (2018): Large-scale sill emplacement in Brazil as a trigger for the endTriassic crisis, Nature Scientific Reports,  8:141, DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-18629-8


  • Vehling F, Hasenclever J, Rüpke LH (2017): Implementation Strategies for Accurate and Efficient Control Volume-Based Two-Phase Hydrothermal Flow Solutions, Transport in Porous Media, DOI: 10.1007/s11242-017-0957-2 
  • Hasenclever J, Knorr G, Rüpke LH, Köhler P, Morgan JP, Garofalo K, Barker S, Lohmann G, Hall I (2017): Sea level fall during glaciation stabilized atmospheric CO2 by enhanced volcanic degassing, Nature Communications,doi:10.1038/ncomms15867
  • Rüpke LH and Hasenclever J (2017): Global rates of mantle serpentinization and H2 production at oceanic transform faults in 3-D geodynamic models, GRL, DOI: 10.1002/2017GL072893
  • Burwicz, E., T. Reichel, K. Wallmann, W. Rottke, M. Haeckel, and C. Hensen (2017), 3-D basin-scale reconstruction of natural gas hydrate system of the Green Canyon, Gulf of Mexico, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 18, 1959– 1985, DOI 10.1002/2017GC006876.

  • Andersen C, Theissen-Krah S, Hannington M, Rüpke LH, Petersen S (2017): Faulting and off-axis submarine massive sulfide accumulation at slow spreading mid-ocean ridges: A numerical modeling perspective, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 18, doi:10.1002/2017GC006880
  • Collignon M., Schmid D.W., Galerne C.Y., Lupi M., Mazzini A. (2017) Modelling of mud volcano dynamics: application to the Lusi mud eruption. Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press
  • Iyer K, Svensen H, and Schmid D (2017): SILLi 1.0: A 1D Numerical Tool Quantifying the Thermal Effects of Sill Intrusions, Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2017-132, in review
  • Iyer K, Schmid D, Planke SMillett J (2017)Modelling hydrothermal venting in volcanic sedimentary basins: Impact on hydrocarbon maturation and paleoclimate. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 467, p. 30-42
  • Svensen H, Iyer KSchmid DMazzini A (2017)Modelling of gas generation following emplacement of an igneous sill below Lusi, East Java, Indonesia. Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press
  • Souche A, Schmid DW, Rüpke LH (2017): Interrelation between surface and basement heat flow in sedimentary basins, AAPG Bulletin, in press
  • LaRowe, D., Burwicz, E., Arndt, S., Dale, A., Amend, J. (2017) The temperature and volume of global marine sediments, Geology, 45 (3): 275-278. https://doi.org/10.1130/G38601.1.