19.11.2012: FB1-Seminar

Torben Kunz, GEOMAR: "On the northern annular mode surface signal associated with stratospheric variability"

11.00-12.00 Hörsaal West, Düsternbrooker Weg 20


The wintertime northern annular mode (NAM) at the surface is known to undergo slow intra-seasonal variations in association with stratospheric variability which leads the surface signal by several weeks. The relative contributions, however, of potentially relevant stratosphere–troposphere coupling mechanisms are not yet fully understood.
    In this study the relative roles, of (i) the downward effect of the zonal-mean secondary circulation induced by quasi-geostrophic (QG) adjustment to stratospheric wave drag and radiative damping and (ii) of wave drag local to the troposphere, are estimated. For this purpose, a spectral tendency equation of the QG zonal-mean zonal wind is derived, and used, in a first step, to obtain the external mechanical forcing which, in the QG framework, drives exactly the observed (calculated from re-analysis data) stratospheric and tropospheric daily NAM. In a second step, the equation is then integrated in time to reconstruct the daily NAM, but with the forcing restricted to either stratospheric or tropospheric levels, each case leaving a characteristic NAM surface signal.
    The relative roles of the above-mentioned mechanisms are found to be of similar quantitative importance, but to differ in a qualitative sense. The downward effect of stratospheric QG adjustment is responsible for the initiation of the NAM surface signal, whereas subsequently local tropospheric wave drag actively maintains and persists the signal over several weeks. Furthermore, the downward effect of QG adjustment to stratospheric radiative damping is shown to have only a minor impact, compared to that from stratospheric wave drag. The robustness of these conclusions is demonstrated by means of a sensitivity study with respect to the various model parameters.