Dr. Wenjuan Huo

Tel.:  +49-(0)431-600-4071
E-Mail: whuo(at)geomar.de 

GEOMAR Helmholtz-Zentrum für Ozeanforschung Kiel
Wischhofstr. 1-3
24148 Kiel

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9807-4726

Research interests

  • Solar and volcanic eruptions influence on Earth’s climate
  • Decadal climate variability and predictability of the tropical Pacific and North Atlantic system
  • Climate modelling with stratosphere-troposphere-ocean coupled models
  • Decadal prediction and the role of stratospheric processes in near-term prediction skill


  • 2014-2017: Doctorate in Meteorology, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. Advisor: Prof. Ziniu Xiao
  • 2010-2013: Master in Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Ocean University, China. Advisor: Prof. Zhen Han
  • 2004-2008: Bachelor in Physics, Hebei Normal University, China


  • Born: July 5th, 1985 in Hebei, China
  • 1 child (2021)

Working Experience

  • 2018. 03 ~ present: Postdoctoral scientist in Marine Meteorology (FB1, ME), group Physics of the Atmosphere. Working with Prof. Dr. Katja Matthes and Prof. Dr. Stephanie Fiedler
  • 2017.07 ~ 2018.02: Postdoctoral scientist in climate dynamics at State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Science and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG). Working with Prof. Ziniu Xiao
  • 2013.07 ~ 2014.08: Research assistant (in climate change) at Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (new name is Aerospace Information Research Institute). Working with Prof. Weihong Cui
  • 2008.09 ~ 2009.07:  Physics and mathematics teacher in Middle school, Beijing


  • Huo, W., Drews, A., Martin, T., and Wahl, S., 2024. Impacts of North Atlantic model biases on natural decadal climate variability. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 129, e2023JD039778. https://doi.org/10.1029/2023JD039778
  • Xiao Z., Zhao L., Zhou L., Huo W., Mironova I., and Miyahara H., 2024. Editorial: Impact of solar activities on weather and climate. Front. Earth Sci. 11:1338416. doi: 10.3389/feart.2023.1338416
  • Huo, W., Z. Xiao, and L. Zhao, 2023. Modulation of the solar activity on the connection between the NAO and the tropical Pacific SST variability. Front. Earth Sci. 11, 1147582. doi: 10.3389/feart.2023.1147582.
  • Casselman, J. W., Lübbecke, J. F., Bayr, T., Huo, W., Wahl, S., and Domeisen, D. I. V., 2023. The teleconnection of extreme El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events to the tropical North Atlantic in coupled climate models, Weather Clim. Dynam., 4, 471–487, doi.org/10.5194/wcd-4-471-2023.
  • Huo, W., Z. Xiao, and L. Zhao, 2023. Ascending phase of the solar cycle 25 tilts the current El Niño–Southern Oscillation transition. Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett., 100397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aosl.2023.100397.  
  • Huo, W., Z. Xiao, and L. Zhao, 2022. Phase-Locked Impact of the 11-Year Solar Cycle on Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability. J. Climate, 36, 421–439. https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0595.1
  • Drews, A., Huo, W., Matthes, K., Kodera, K., and Kruschke, T. 2022. The Sun's role in decadal climate predictability in the North Atlantic, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 7893–7904. doi.org/10.5194/acp-22-7893-2022.
  • Huo, W., Z. Xiao, X. Wang and L. Zhao. 2021. Lagged Responses of the Tropical Pacific to the 11-yr Solar Cycle Forcing and Possible Mechanisms.  J. Meteorol. Res., 35 (3): 444–459. doi: 10.1007/s13351-021-0137-8.
  • Huo, W., Z. Xiao. 2017. Modulations of Solar Activity on El Niño Modoki and Possible Mechanisms. J Atmos Sol Terr Phys., 160: 34–47. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jastp.2017.05.008.
  • Xiao, Z., D. Li, Z. Zhou, L. Zhao, W. Huo. 2017. Interdisciplinary Studies of Solar Activity and Climate Change. Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett, 3: 325–328. doi: 10.1080/16742834.2017.1321951.
  • Huo, W., Z. Xiao. 2016. Anomalous Pattern of Ocean Heat Content During Different Phases of the Solar Cycle in the Tropical Pacific. Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett, 10(1): 1–8. doi: doi.org/10.1080/16742834.2017.1247412.
  • Huo, W., Z. Xiao. 2016. The Impact of Solar Activity on the 2015/16 El Niño Event. Atmos. Ocean. Sci. Lett, 9 (6): 428– 435. doi: 10.1080/16742834.2016.1231567.
  • Xiao, Z., W. Huo. 2016. Solar Activity Influences on Climate: The Spatiotemporal Selectivity of the Amplification Process. Advances in Meteorological Science and Technology. 6(3):114–147. (Chinese)
  • Huo, W., Z. Han. 2013. Parametric Model of Seawater Temperature Profile in the Northern Indian Ocean. Marine Environmental Science. 32(3): 368–380. doi: 1674-5566(2013)03-0439-07. (Chinese)
  • Huo, W., Z. Han. 2013. Retrieve of Sea Surface Temperature from AMSR-E and MODIS in the Northern Indian Ocean. Journal of Shanghai Ocean University. 22(3): 439–445. doi: 1674-5566 (2013) 03-0439-07. (Chinese)

Research Projects Participation

  1. Solar contribution to climate change on decadal to centennial timescales. ROMIC II. 2019/12/30–2023/06/30. (Investigator)
  2. Modulation of the solar cycle on tropical Pacific decadal variability. State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanography, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology Chinese Academy of Sciences, open funding program. 2019/07-2021/06. (PI)
  3. A study on impacts of astronomical and earthly motility factors on climate change. National Basic Research Program of China. 2014/07–2016/12. (Investigator)
  4. Satellite remote sensing ocean fishery high-tech industrialization demonstration project of National Development and Reform Commission. China. 2010/09–2012/12. (Investigator)


Peer reviewer for Communications Earth & Environment, Journal of geophysical research, Nature communications, Journal of climate, Earth and Space Science, Weather and Climate Dynamics

International activities:

  • Since 2023/08: Member of Fresh Eyes on CMIP-Data Analysis subgroup 
  • Since 2022/12: Coordinator of the SPARC solar influence study group (SOLARIS-HEPPA) for the World Climate Research Programme–Stratospheric Processes and their Role in Climate (WCRP-SPARC).
  • Since 2022/07: Co-leader of SOLARIS-HEPPA working group on “solar surface impact and near-term prediction”.

Theses Advisor (co-supervisor):

  • Tabea Rahm (2022/10–2023/04), How will the dominant weather regimes change under the influence of climate warming? Master thesis.
  • Kanzler, Leah (2022/06–2022/10), How do atmosphere models reproduce observed extreme precipitation events? Bachelor thesis

Teaching & Tutorials:

  • Lectures for Master courses "Stratospheric Physics and Dynamics", 2023/2024
  • B.Sc. Semester Project: Physics of the Earth System Meteorology–Oceanography–Geophysics, 2022/11–2023/03.
  • One lecture for Master courses "Climate Physics: Meteorology and Physical Oceanography"

Selected Contributions to Conferences

  • Huo,Wenjuan, Ziniu Xiao, and Liang Zhao, (2023). The role of the solar cycle for decadal climate variability and predictability. [Invited talk] In: IUGG 2023, Berlin, Germany, 11-20 July 2023.
  • Huo, Wenjuan, Ziniu Xiao, and Liang Zhao, (2022). A pacemaker role of the 11-year solar cycle in tropical Pacific decadal variability. [Invited talk] In: Space Climate 8 Symposium, Krakow, Poland, September 19-22, 2022.
  • Huo, Wenjuan, et al., (2022) How can we understand the transfer of the solar signal from stratosphere to troposphere? [Talk] In: 8th International HEPPA-SOLARIS Meeting, 13.-15.06.2022, Bergen, Noway.
  • Huo, Wenjuan, Xiao, Ziniu and Zhao, Liang, (2022). Phase-locking Impacts of the 11-year Solar Cycle on Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability. [Talk] In: 15th quadrennial solar terrestrial physics symposium (stp-15), online.
  • Huo, Wenjuan (2019) The Direct Response in the Equatorial Pacific to the 11-year Solar Cycle Forcing and its mechanisms. [Poster] In: AGU100, 2019. (Convener, Co-chair in session A41V)
  • Huo, Wenjuan, Matthes, Katja, Kruschke, Tim and Drews, Annika (2019) Is Pacific Decadal Variability Modulated by the 11-Year Solar Cycle? [Talk] In: 27. IUGG General Assembly 2019., 08.07.-18.07.2019, Montreal, Canada.
  • Huo, Wenjuan, Matthes, Katja, Xiao, Ziniu and Zhao, Liang (2018) Modulation of Solar Activity on Tropical Pacific SST Anomalies by the wintertime AO-like Variability? [Poster] In: SPARC General Assembly 2018, 01.-05.10.2018, Kyoto, Japan.
  • Huo, Wenjuan and Xiao, Ziniu (2017) Modulations of solar activity on El Niño Modoki and possible Mechanisms. [Talk] In: SPARC SOLARIS-HEPPA Working Group Meeting 2017., 06.-09.11.2017, Paris, France.
  • Huo, Wenjuan and Xiao, Ziniu (2017) The Direct Response in the Equatorial Pacific to the 11-year Solar Cycle Forcing and its mechanisms. [Poster] In: EGU General Assembly 2017., 23.-28.04.2017, Vienna, Austria.
  • Huo, Wenjuan and Xiao, Ziniu (2016) Modulations of solar activity on El Nino Modoki and possible mechanisms. [Poster] In: 13. Annual Meeting Asia Oceania Geosciences Society., 31.07.-08.08.2016, Beijing, China.
  • Huo, Wenjuan and Xiao, Ziniu (2015) Ocean Heat Content (OHC) Anomaly during Different Phases of the Solar Cycle in the Tropic Pacific. [Poster] In: Asian Conference on Meteorology., 26.-27.10.2015, Kyoto, Japan.
  • Huo, Wenjuan, Han Zhan (2012) Retrieval of Sea Surface Temperature from AMSR-E and MODIS in the Northern Indian Ocean. [Talk] In: 2nd International Conference on Remote Sensing, Environment and Transportation Engineering (RSETE) organized by Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), NanJing, China.