Overview

Can populations adapt to a changing environment via evolutionary adaptation? Which roles do epigenetic versus genomic changes play for such adaptation? What is the interaction between ecological compositional changes as response to warming or ocean acidification versus the evolutionary change within populations? Can clonal organisms evolve?

These are the questions our group is addressing in organisms that range from phytoplankton, seagrasses, zooplankton species to (commercially important) fish species. Strong ecological interactions such as harvesting, host-parasite interactions and invasive species in their new habitat are prime examples where evolution-in-action can be observed in real time in the marine realm.

Our research is integrated into the initiatives Kiel Evolution Centre, the CRC Origin and Function of Metaorganisms and the Research Training Group Translational Evolutionary Research.

Team

For more Information click on group member photo.

Doctoral students

Former members of Research Group

Current Projects

  • funded by Helmholtz-Society Climate Initiative Germany Net Zero 2050, work package 4 natural carbon storage systems: "Seagrass Blue Carbon",  2019-2021

  • funded by EU-BONUS: MARES Multi-method Assessment for Resilient Ecosystem Services and human-nature system integration  (coordinator Dr. Maurizio Sajeva, Pellervo Economic Research, Finland), 2018-2020
  • funded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft within Collaborative Research Center 1182 Origin and Function of the Metaorganism - "Microbiota – host interactions at the base of the metazoan tree" Co-PIs Ruth Schmitz-Streit, U Kiel,  2020-2023
  • fundedby Human Frontiers of Science Programme (HFSP) “Adaptive asexual evolution in corals, cancerandseagrassesAdaptAsex“. CO-Pis Iliana Baums, Penn State Univ, USA; Benjamin Werner, Queen Mary Univ London
  • fundedby DFG-funded Research Training Group TranslationalEvolutionary Research TransEvo (coordinator Hinrich Schulenburg, U Kiel) “Fisheriesinducedevolution“; co-PI Martin Quaas, iDIV, 2020-2023

    Recently completed projects
  • funded by European Union /BONUS programme: "BIO-C3 Biodiversity changes-causes, consequences and management implications". Coordinator Thorsten Reusch, 13 partners in total, 2014-2017

    see key publication:
    Reusch TBH, Dierking J, Andersson HC, Bonsdorff E, Carstensen J, Casini M, Czajkowski M, Hasler B, Hinsby K, Hyytiäinen K, Johannesson K, Jomaa S, Jormalainen V, Kuosa H, Kurland S, Laikre L, MacKenzie BR, Margonski P, Melzner F, Oesterwind D, Ojaveer H, Refsgaard JC, Sandström A, Schwarz G, Tonderski K, Winder M, Zandersen M (2018) The Baltic Sea as a time machine for the future coastal ocean. Science Advances 4:eaar8195

  • funded by European Union /BONUS programme: "BAMBI-Baltic Sea marine biodiversity – addressing the potential of adaptation to climate change", 2014-2017

    see novel publication:

    Heckwolf, M. J., B. S. Meyer, R. Häsler, M. P. Höppner, C. Eizaguirre, and T. B. H. Reusch. 2020. Two different epigeneticinformationchannels in wild three-spinedsticklebacksareinvolved in salinityadaptation. SciAdv6:eaaz1138https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/6/12/eaaz1138



    see key publication:
    Heckwolf MJ, Meyer BS, Döring T, Eizaguirre C, Reusch TBH (2018) Transgenerational plasticity and selection shape the adaptive potential of sticklebacks to salinity change. Evolutionary Applications 11:1873-1885.https://doi.org/10.1111/eva.12688

  • funded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (within priority program DYNATRAIT) "Eco-evolutionary coupling in competing marine phytoplankton communities". 2014-2017. Collaboration with Dr. Birte Matthiessen, GEOMAR EÖ-N. People involved: Luisa Listmann

Recent key publications

For a full overview on my publications see my google scholar profile https://scholar.google.de/citations?user=ux41yIwAAAAJ&hl=en"

  • Roth O, Solbakken MH, Tørresen OK, Bayer T, Matschiner M, Baalsrud HT, Hoff SNK, Brieuc MSO, D. Haase D, Hanel R, Reusch TBH*, Jentoft S* (2020). Evolutionof male pregnancy associated with remodeling of canonical vertebrate immunity in seahorses and pipefishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, online early: doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1916251117. *equal contrib
  • Heckwolf, M. J., B. S. Meyer, R. Häsler, M. P. Höppner, C. Eizaguirre, and T. B. H. Reusch. 2020. Two different epigeneticinformationchannels in wild three-spinedsticklebacksareinvolved in salinityadaptation. SciAdv6:eaaz1138.
  • Laikre, L., S. Hoban, M. W. Bruford, G. Segelbacher, F. W. Allendorf, G. Gajardo, A. G. Rodríguez, P. W. Hedrick, M. Heuertz, P. A. Hohenlohe, R. Jaffé, K. Johannesson, L. Liggins, A. J. MacDonald, P. OrozcoterWengel, T. B. H. Reusch, H. Rodríguez-Correa, I.-R. M. Russo, N. Ryman, and C. Vernesi. 2020. Post-2020 goalsoverlookgeneticdiversity. Science 367:1083
  • Wein T, Picazo DR, Blow F, Woehle C, Jami E, Reusch TBH, Martin WF, Dagan T (2019) Currency, exchange, and inheritance in the evolution of symbiosis. Trends in Microbiology online early:doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2019.1005.1010
  • Reusch TBH, Dierking J, Andersson HC, Bonsdorff E, Carstensen J, Casini M, Czajkowski M, Hasler B, Hinsby K, Hyytiäinen K, Johannesson K, Jomaa S, Jormalainen V, Kuosa H, Kurland S, Laikre L, MacKenzie BR, Margonski P, Melzner F, Oesterwind D, Ojaveer H, Refsgaard JC, Sandström A, Schwarz G, Tonderski K, Winder M, Zandersen M (2018) The Baltic Sea as a time machine for the future coastal ocean. Science Advances 4:eaar8195
  • Webster NS, Reusch TBH (2017) Microbial contributions to the persistence of coral reefs. ISME J online early:10.1038/ismej.2017.1066
  • Breusing C, Biastoch A, Drews A, Metaxas A, Jollivet D, Vrijenhoek RC, Bayer T, Melzner F, Sayavedra L, Petersen JM, Dubilier N, Schilhabel MB, Rosenstiel P, Reusch TBH (2016) Biophysical and population genetic models predict presence of "phantom" stepping stones connecting Mid-Atlantic Ridge vent ecosystems. Current Biology 26:2257–2267
  • Olsen JL*, Rouzé P, Verhelst B, Lin Y-C, Bayer T, Collén J, Dattolo E, De Paoli E, Dittami S, Maumus F, Michel G, Kersting A, Lauritano C, Lohaus R, Töpel M, Tonon T, Vanneste K, Amirebrahimi M, Brakel J, Boström C, Chovatia M, Grimwood J, Jenkins J, Jüterbock A, Mraz A, Stam WT, Tice H, Bornberg-Bauer E, Green P, Pearson G, Procaccini G, Duarte C, Schmutz J, Reusch TBH*, Van de Peer Y* (2016) The genome of the seagrass Zostera marina reveals angiosperm adaptation to the sea. Nature 530: 331-335 doi: 10.1038/nature16548  *equal contribution (cover story)
  • Quaas M, Reusch TBH, Schmidt JO, Tahvonen O, Voss R (2016) It’s the economy, stupid! Projecting the fate of fish populations using ecological-economic modeling. Global Change Biology 22:264–270
  • Schlüter L, Lohbeck KT, Gutowska MA, Gröger JP, Riebesell U, Reusch TBH (2014) Adaptation of a globally important coccolithophore to ocean warming and acidification. Nature Climate Change 4:1024–1030, doi:10.1038/nclimate2379
  • Sunday JM, Calosi P, Dupont S, Munday PL, Stillman JH, Reusch TBH (2014) Evolution in an acidifying ocean. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 29:117-125
  • Reusch TBH (2014) Climate change in the oceans: evolutionary vs. phenotypically plastic responses in marine animals and plants. Evolutionary Applications 7:104–122
  • Lohbeck, KT, Riebesell U, Reusch TBH (2012) Adaptive evolution of a key phytoplankton species to ocean acidification. Nature Geoscience 5:346-351 [article]
  • Frommel AY, Maneja R, Lowe D, Malzahn AM, Geffen AJ, Folkvord A, Piatkowski U, Reusch TBH, Clemmesen C (2012) Severe tissue damage in Atlantic cod larvae under increasing ocean acidification. Nature Climate Change 2: 42-46
  • Franssen SU, Gu J, Bergmann N, Winters G, Klostermeyer UC, Rosenstiel P, Bornberg-Bauer E, Reusch TBH (2011) Transcriptomic resilience to global warming in the seagrass Zostera marina, a marine foundation species. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108:19276-19281
  • Reusch, TBH, A Ehlers, A Hämmerli, B Worm (2005) Ecosystem recovery after climatic extremes enhanced by genotypic diversity. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102: 2826-2831
  • Wegner KM, Kalbe M, Kurtz J, Reusch TBH, Milinski M (2003) Parasite selection for immunogenetic optimality. Science 301: 1343.
  • Reusch TBH, Häberli MA, Aeschlimann PB, Milinski M (2001) Female sticklebacks count alleles in a strategy of sexual selection explaining MHC polymorphism. Nature 414: 300-302.